Psychosocial Needs

We also have psychosocial needs, which involve social interaction, emotions, intellect, and spirituality. Psychosocial needs are not as easy to define as physical needs. However, all human beings have the following psychosocial needs:

  • Love and affection.
  • Acceptance by
  • Self-reliance and independence in daily
  • Interaction with other people.
  • Accomplishments and self-esteem.

Our health and well-being are affected by how well our psychosocial needs are met.  Stress and frustration occur when basic needs are not met.  This can lead to fear, anxiety, anger, aggression, withdrawal, indifference, and depression.  Stress can also cause physical problems that may eventually lead to illness.

People also have sexual needs.  These needs continue throughout their lives.  The ability to engage in sexual activity, such as intercourse and masturbation, continues unless a disease or injury occurs.  Always knock and wait for permission before entering a client’s bedroom.  If you encounter a sexual situation, provide privacy and leave the room.

Clients have the right to choose how they express their sexuality.  In all age groups, there is a variety of sexual behavior.  This is true of your clients also.  Do not judge any sexual behavior you see.  An attitude that any expression of sexuality by the elderly is “disgusting” or “cute” deprives your clients of their right to dignity and respect.